Indus Valley Civilization Things You Need To Know

Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization

1.The Indus Valley Civilization covered a large area around the Indus River basin and beyond in late Bronze Age India. In its mature phase, from about 2600 to 1900 BCE, it produced several cities marked by great uniformity within and between sites, including Harappa, Lothal, and the UNESCO World Heritage Site Mohenjo-Daro. The Harappan culture was distinguished by its system of town planning.

2.The use of burnt bricks in the Harappan cities is remarkable, because in the contemporary buildings of Egypt mainly dried bricks were use.                                                                                                                                                                                             

3.Grid Pattern: Harappa and Mohen-Jo Dero were laid out on a grid pattern and had provisions for an advanced drainage system. Streets were oriented east to west. Each street was having a well organized drainage system.

4.City Walls: Each city in the Indus Valley was surrounded by massive walls and gateways. The walls were built to control trade and also to stop the city from being flooded.

5.The Residential Buildings: The residential buildings, which were serviceable enough, were mainly made up of brick and consisted of on open terrace flanked by rooms. These houses were made of standardized baked bricks (which had a ratio of length to width to thickness at 4:2:1) as well as sun dried bricks. Some houses even had multiple stories and paved floors.
In-house wells: Almost every house had its own wells, drains and bathrooms. The in-house well is a common and recognizable feature of the Indus Valley Civilization. Kalibangan many houses had their wells.
Indus Valley Civilization
6.Drainage System: The drainage system of Mohenjo-Daro was very impressive. Each house was connected directly to an excellent drainage system, which indicates a highly developed municipal life.

7.Granaries: The largest building found at Mohenjo-Daro is a granary, running 150 feet long, 75 feet wide and 15 feet high. It was well ventilated and it was possible to fill grain in from outside. The large size of the granary probably indicates a highly developed agricultural civilization.

8.Great Bath: The Great bath at Mohenjo-Daro is about 179 feet long and 107 feet wide. The complex has a large quadrangle in the center with galleries and rooms on all sides. In the center of this quadrangle there is a large swimming enclosure that is 39 feet long, 23 feet wide and 8 feet deep. The entire complex is connected to an elaborate water supply and sewer system. The Great Bath was probably used for religious or ritualistic

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